May 20, 2017

Calluses - a painful and easily damaged skin, resulting in friction. Under such modified skin layer of accumulated liquid, as a cushion which protects the underlying layers from abrasion. As a result, a new bubble is formed skin layer and the liquid inside it is gradually reabsorbed. Most often, calluses occur on the soles and heels while wearing uncomfortable shoes and socks inappropriate during long walks.

For children who love to climb trees and hang on the branches, calluses on the palms are also formed near the base of the fingers.

Causes of Corns

  • Prolonged skin friction of a rough surface; 
  • Humidity exacerbates the effect of friction.

Symptoms of Calluses and Corns

  • The painful area affected skin filled with liquid; 
  • Pain; 
  • Rubbing uncomfortable shoes and socks.

What you can do

It is not necessary to open an especially bubbles because it increases the risk of infection. Just make a hole in the strip from the patch and place right around the corn to restrict it. 

To reduce pain and inflammation, take ibuprofen. If you are pregnant, consult your doctor for a safe analgesic or even give up the use of analgesics. 
If the corn itself is broken, the water wash skin with soap and water, protect the thin layer of antibiotic ointment and bandage wrap. If possible, try to ventilate the area of the skin. 

When further rubbing inevitably, you will need to open the bladder. 

To do this, sterilize the needle by wiping it with alcohol or holding it on an open fire. Insert the needle into the base of the bladder and gently push it to drain. Wash the skin with soap and water. Cut loose skin grafts, but so as not to break the skin alive. Dress it with antibacterial ointment. Put on top of a clean gauze or a sterile bandage.

What can a doctor

Typically, sufficiently small blisters that you can cure yourself. 

Consult your doctor if after two weeks of self-treatment there is no significant improvement or if the skin around the blisters swelled, became painful and sore, there was purulent discharge.

Dr. cleanse and competently bind up the wound. And also tell you how to do it yourself. If necessary, you will register antibiotics for topical or oral administration.

In addition, the physician should exclude Stevens-Johnson syndrome, a rare but potentially dangerous inflammatory disease in which the skin very quickly there are bubbles, not caused by rubbing.

Prevention of Corns

Use socks of good absorbent materials that absorb sweat secreted by the skin stop (wool, cotton). Going for long walks, wear socks inside out so the seams do not rub his feet. For walking in the woods or in the mountains, wear two pairs of socks: at first thin and thick dry them. The inner pair of socks inside out and wear. Socks should fit snugly to the body but not be tight and does not form folds. Change your socks daily. Wear shoes made of natural materials that "breathe", such as leather or canvas. Carry only the shoes that you fully fit. 

Trying on shoes in a store, and if you feel uncomfortable in it at once, as soon as put on, do not buy it. Why suffer, the new pair of shoes? A new pair of hiking boots should break in. Wear it for an hour every day for a week before you go camping. And even in this case, put it in your backpack bandages and plaster. Before you get together to go for a walk or exercise, drip a big drop of petroleum jelly to the area of skin where blisters are formed regularly. Wear protective gloves when gardening, golfing, long driving.

Tags: Corns calluses treatment, home remedies for corns, how to get rid of calluses, pictures of corns, difference between corn and callus, foot corn removal, foot callus removal
Athlete's foot is the most common fungal disease of the skin. Previously, fungal foot diseases were so common that few people could avoid infection. Fortunately, since 60-70 years, became available drugs that are truly cured patients, not just relief. However, until now athlete's foot remains the most common fungal disease of the skin, followed by distribution of the following ringworm.

The most commonly affected folds of skin between the toes and the surface of the foot (especially the sole), but even the hands may be involved in rare cases. The appearance of the disease at the hands due mainly not a direct infection, and the action of circulating toxins in the bloodstream fungi. On the other hand, when combing soles microorganisms are under the fingernails of the fingers, where they can be transferred to other body parts, including and on the scalp. This is the simplest and the usual route of infection must take into account people exposed to fungal infections. At risk are the athletes and the people who frequent the swimming pools and public showers, persons who do not observe basic rules of hygiene.

Causes of Athlete's Foot

Tinea pedis caused by several species of parasitic fungi. These microorganisms are abundant on the floor in pools and baths, as well as in the hearts of the public with sports facilities. The man who walks barefoot in these places, just asking to be infected.

Wearing the shoes of others and sharing towels and other hygiene products is the second common method of transmission.

If a person once suffered a fungal disease that re-infection occurs very easily.

The fungal growth supports the absence of the right leg care: putting on socks and shoes on wet feet, reuse of dirty socks, insufficient ventilation shoe between its use.

Symptoms of Athlete's Foot

Athlete's foot manifests itself is very flexible. The first signs of fungal disease can be the occurrence of cracks, itchy or painful vesicles, diaper rash, skin type roughness corns. Then, the affected skin softened, turn white and begin to peel flakes. Sometimes due to bacterial infection existing bubbles turn into ulcers or sores.
Itching and burning sensation is the almost constant symptom of athlete's foot, and sometimes patients complain of pain and the unpleasant smell of feet.

What you can do

If signs of fungal infection should consult a dermatologist. That doctor should prescribe treatment. We simply give general guidance and advice.

If you are already sick, remember that athlete's foot is a fungal infection and fungus thrive and reproduce only in a humid environment. By eliminating moisture, you do not give these parasites multiply and spread.

Try to protect your family members from infection. To do this, explain to them that it is now in an apartment you can not go barefoot, especially in the bathroom. If you have the chance, do not use the bathroom and shower. After taking a shower be sure to treat the bath or shower tray and the floor in the bathroom disinfectant.

Every day before going to bed, wash your feet with plain soap in warm water, make sure that in this case the skin is not much soak and soften. Cloth collect and erase all fallen away pieces of skin, making sure that none of them did get under your fingernails. 

Using toilet paper or hair dryer, dry your feet thoroughly, especially between the toes. Then apply an antifungal cream (if the blisters burst and ooze) or ointment (if the affected areas are dry). Continue treatment for four weeks, even if the symptoms go away before.

If the skin is severely inflamed, refrain from the use of an antifungal cream or ointment. In the morning, use powder. If antifungal powder also causes irritation, take a powder based on starch or talc. It is also well to fill the powder in the shoes every day.

Remember, antifungal creams and ointments themselves be irritating, and can be applied to them only on dry skin. If the feet are prone to sweating, shoes should not be worn as long as the drug is absorbed.

Wear cotton socks, preferably white, every day wear clean. When washing socks soak in a solution of chlorine bleach (not soap) and boil for 10 minutes. This will kill the fungus on your clothes. Otherwise, the cure is almost impossible, as it will be constantly re-infection occur. Footwear should also be disinfected by means of antifungal aerosols and then left on for a couple of days of ventilation (preferably in the sun).

If it affects the hands, do not use anti-fungal agents, as long as you do not study conducted skin and not diagnosed. Because if there are no microbial, anti-fungal agents will be ineffective. When the disease on the feet will take to disappear and displays on hand.

What can a doctor

If necessary, the physician can designate a specific and potent remedy, and prescription of a powder mixture for preparation of the disinfectant solution to the feet.

In severe cases, may be advised to use a combination therapy comprising as physiotherapy, as well as oral treatment. 

In the case of secondary bacterial infection (it penetrates the skin through the cracks and sores), your doctor will prescribe antibiotics for topical or systemic use.

Prevention of Athlete's Foot

Practice good hygiene: never go barefoot, especially in public showers and locker rooms, daily wear fresh socks after washing and thoroughly dry the foot and interdigital spaces, well-ventilated shoes in between use.

Be sure to take a shower before and after swimming in the pool, wear rubber slippers, as soon as you come out of the water. In addition, you may want to consult with your doctor about the use of different preventive means.

Tags: athlete's foot pictures, cream, treatment vinegar, symptoms, causes, contagious, fungus
Molluscum contagiosum - a viral disease of the skin, which manifests specific rashes on the skin in the form of pimples (papules), ranging in size from 2.1 to 10 mm. The causative agent is a virus from the family of poxviruses. Molluscum contagiosum can suffer both children and adults. The disease often occurs in people with weakened immune systems, such as HIV-infected. The name of the disease is not related to its parasitic nature and is caused by the fact that the contents of the microscopic study of pathological elements found specific inclusion - corpuscles round shape.

The causes of the disease

Molluscum contagiosum Infection occurs by contact of the skin in contact with the affected skin. Adults are infected mainly through sexual contact. Localization of lesions depends on which parts of the human skin were infected. It is in these places will be papules.

Symptoms of Molluscum contagiosum

The element is a pimple rash (papules) with umbilicated in the center. When pressed from the central recess stands whitish this mass. Papule usually has a rounded shape- white or pink. 

In children, the rash is mainly localized in the open areas of the body.

Adults who become infected through sexual contact, rash, usually localized in the perineum and vulva. In HIV-infected people, papules are usually found on the face. Shaving, in this case, contributes to the spread of infection.

Diagnostics of Molluscum Contagiosum

Should consult a physician with the appearance on the skin of any long-term (more than 3 weeks) no vanishing pathological elements. Do not engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment. Molluscum contagiosum can be confused with a variety of diseases and hazardous.
A qualified dermatologist in most cases makes a diagnosis based only on the appearance of the elements of an eruption, a biopsy may be required in some cases. 

It should be remembered that the infection is often fixed at an HIV-infected people. Therefore, your doctor may advise you to get tested for HIV.

Treatment of Molluscum contagiosum

The vast majority of people with normal immune rashes disappear on their own, but the recovery period can last from several months to 2 years. In some situations may require surgical treatment (cryosurgery, electrocautery, excision) or administration of drugs to enhance immunity.

Tags: molluscum contagiosum home remedy, treatment, pictures, causes, symptoms, std, virus, apple cider vinegar
Skin rash in children may be a manifestation of more than a hundred different diseases. You do not necessarily understand this set of states. However, some of them can be really dangerous for the child. Therefore, the appearance of rash any time should contact the pediatrician. Do not forget that describe the appearance of the skin on the phone is pointless, a doctor should see the changes for yourself.

Causes of Skin Rashes in Children

The causes of rashes in children can be divided into four main groups: 
  • infectious and parasitic diseases; 
  • allergies; 
  • disease of the blood and blood vessels; 
  • the lack of proper hygiene.
If the cause of the rash is an infection, you will notice at the child and her other symptoms, such as fever, chills, cough, runny nose, sore throat, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and others. In this case, the rash may be the first symptom of an ongoing infection and appear in 2-3 days. 

Among infectious diseases rash usually accompanied by common childhood illnesses such as chickenpox, measles, rubella, and scarlet fever. 

The most dangerous is a meningococcal infection. Meningococcus is a bacterium that often causes nasopharyngitis, easily treatable, but in some cases, it leads to meningitis (inflammation of the membranes of the brain) and blood infection (meningococcemia). The rash looks with meningococcemia and hemorrhage is accompanied by high fever. The disease is extremely dangerous - from the onset of the rash to death of a person can take less than a day. That's why at the slightest suspicion of meningococcal infection sick brought to the hospital and immediately begin treatment. With timely treatment the chances of a good outcome - 80-90%. 

Allergic rash occurs after ingestion or contact with any allergen. Moreover, the allergen can be anything: chocolate, milk, nuts, a variety of drugs, the particles pet hair, washing powder or air conditioning for clothes, body lotion, tissue, from which produced underwear and other allergic reactions may occur even after a light. touching anything. A classic example of this type of rash is a result of burns or nettle jellyfish. Carefully evaluate the diet and your child's environment, you should be able to understand the reason of allergies. Do not forget that mosquito bites in children and cause local allergic reactions as a result of the multiple traces of mosquito bites can sometimes be mistaken for a rash. 
The causes of a rash may also be skin parasites. Scabies, for example, is caused by mites, which does microscopic tunnels in the thin skin interdigital spaces, wrists, genitals and other body parts. In places the defeat there is a strong itching of the skin. Scabies is a highly contagious disease and requires treatment by a dermatologist. 

Rash and in diseases of blood vessels is usually hemorrhagic nature, i.e. It is the result of bleeding into the skin. Depending on the disease, it can be as large bruises all colors of the rainbow, and punctuate rash covering the whole body surface. 

Due to the characteristics of the skin of children and frequent infrequent diseases hygiene defects in infancy is prickly heat, diaper dermatitis, diaper rash. Should not be excessive to wrap up the child. Try not to leave your child in wet diapers or nappies. Often bathe and to wash the baby and give it to the skin to breathe, practice regular air baths.

Symptoms of Skin Rashes in Children

Measles:- In this viral infection rash often does not appear immediately, but after 2-4 days after the start of the temperature rise and appeared catarrhal phenomena (redness of the throat, runny nose, cough). The rash of measles spreads from the top down: first appears on the face and head, and then on the upper half of the torso and arms, then down below and on the legs, covering the 3 days the whole body. The spots are slightly raised above the skin surface, they are large and can fuse.

Varicella (chickenpox):- Eruptions varicella appear more often on the face, scalp, trunk. Their character is changed in the course of the disease: a slightly protruding above the skin red spots a few hours turn into bubbles with transparent. Size varicella bubbles no more than 4-5mm. In the future, they dry up, and in their place are formed the brownish crust. The rash of chickenpox is always accompanied by itching. A very important feature of this type of rash (the emergence of new elements), which is often accompanied by another temperature spike.

Rubella:- The rash appears at rubella together with signs of intoxication, fever, increased neck lymph nodes. Numerous small spots (no more than 3-5 mm in diameter) appear in a few hours, apply a top-down, but it is much faster than with measles rash comes a day up and down, holding a rash on average three days, then disappears without a trace. The characteristic localization is the extensor surfaces of the arms and legs, buttocks. It should be remembered that the viral infection is dangerous for pregnant women because of the adverse effects on the fetus. Therefore, if you suspect your child from rubella do not invite to visit pregnant.

Scarlet fever:- The disease begins with the classic symptoms of angina. The rash is connected to them, as a rule, on the second day. It represents elements covering the entire surface of the body. Especially a lot of them in the inguinal folds, elbow folds, armpits, abdomen. At the site of the most abundant rash skin is red, swollen, hot to the touch. After 2-3 days of illness symptoms, including rash, come to naught, which is accompanied by a strong peeling of the skin.

Allergic rash:- Almost always appears suddenly, often accompanied by profuse watery eyes and a runny nose, itchy much. Rash relief, well-marked. Receiving antiallergic drugs and eliminates itching and rash itself.

Scabies:- When scabies rash accompanied by painful itching and looks like dots are often arranged in pairs, 2-3 mm apart. Typical localization brush and interdigital spaces, abdominal surface.

Traces of bites:- Traces of mosquito bites and other insects is often mistaken for an infectious rash. In the bite formed red itchy bump (papule). The characteristic location, the season of the year, place of residence and the absence of additional symptoms will help you and your doctor to distinguish a rash of infectious diseases.

What you can do

If you find child's skin rash, try to follow the following rules:
  • Neobhodimovsegda calls a doctor in the house, in the case of the presence of infectious diseases do not infect others in the clinic and in transport. In addition, any patient with a rash should be isolated from pregnant women, as long as the doctor says that it is not measles.
  • If you suspect your child from meningococcal infection, immediately call "ambulance."
  • Prior to the arrival of the doctor is not necessary to lubricate the elements of the rash, especially with solutions of dyes (for example, " green paint "). As you know, the main causes of internal scars. Therefore, expressed a positive effect on the lubrication of the elements you will not get a rash. However, the doctor will be much more difficult to diagnose.
If you suspect that the rash is caused by contact with clothing. Remember that in addition to unsuitable material, allergies may cause residues of detergent or fabric softener. Try to change the company's products or use hypoallergenic hygiene.

What can a doctor

Only after questioning and a thorough examination of the child's doctor can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe treatment. Viral infections, as a rule, do not require specific treatment of bacterial diseases need antibiotics. In the treatment of allergic conditions is the basis for the cessation of allergen exposure and the suppression of excessive immune response antihistamines, corticosteroids, and other drugs. Depending on the severity of these drugs can be used in the form of ointments, pills, injections, etc. If the rash caused by disease or blood vessels, pediatrician direct advice to the child on the hematologist. scabies treatment is carried out by a dermatologist, and includes, among other things, a number of control measures.

Prevention of Skin Rashes in Children

Prevention of childhood diseases primarily includes compliance with immunization schedule. You should know that also developed against meningococcal disease vaccine. Talk to your pediatrician and ask when your child should be vaccinated against this dangerous infection.

Vaccination is the greatest invention of people that made it possible to prevent a plurality of severe infection. On the other hand, each vaccine is a whole challenge for the little gentle child's body. In some cases, children suffer vaccination is not very easy - there may be an allergic reaction or fever. This does not mean that further vaccinations should be abolished. Do not forget to remind the doctor of previous reactions, and he will advise your child to a day or two before the scheduled vaccinations take antihistamines. 

Allergic disease is very frequent in childhood. This is due to the immaturity of the immune system in children. To any new stimulus, so the immune system reacts hyperallergic (superstrong). Try to introduce new foods slowly, one at a time. Then you will know for certain that was the cause of food allergies. A child with a tendency to allergic reactions must be under the supervision of an allergist. With proper treatment, most children with age "outgrow their allergy," That is the allergen that previously did not give to live in peace, in a few years completely ceases to disturb the person.

Tags: heat rash toddler, viral rash in children,toddler hives, fifth disease rash, teething rash, meningitis rash, viral rash pictures, roseola rash
Keloids - a special kind of scars, implemented in the surrounding normal tissue. The growth of keloid scars usually starts 13 months after healing of the wound. Unfortunately, dermal scarring is the inevitable consequence of any injury or open surgery. They remain for life, often creating a significant cosmetic and functional defects. Disfiguring scars, scars that limit, even small movements can cause serious problems in patients, both in business and in personal life.

Keloids occur with equal frequency in men and women. They have been described in different age groups, although more likely to develop in patients aged 10 to 30 years, and rarely - in the very young and very old age. There may be the family history of keloid formation.

The causes leading to the formation of keloids

The reasons for such violations are not precisely known. Wound healing - is a complex biological process, which lasts about a year and completed the formation of a mature scar. One year later, the scar tissue will continue to change, but very slowly and unobtrusively.

In some cases, scarring is a normal process is disrupted. The reasons for this are numerous: the burn ., Suppuration of wounds, lack of adequate comparison yawning edges, the strong tension surrounding skin wound, particularly of the immune system, hereditary predisposition, etc. Then, instead of a conventional flat scar is formed hollow or projecting over the scarred skin, and more rarely - keloid scar.

Keloids continue to increase even after 6 months of education and generally do not fall and do not soften. Typically, lack of communication between the severity of the injury and severity of keloid scars, which can occur even after a minor injury (injection, insect bite), and often after the burn. Stabilization of keloids usually occurs in 2 years after its occurrence. Characteristically, keloid scars are almost never ulcerate.

Manifestations of keloids

  • Usually, keloid growth begins after 23 weeks after healing of wounds with limited seals in the thickness of scar tissue and lasts from several months to several years 
  • Pain in damage 
  • Increased sensitivity to lesion 
  • Itching and burning in damage 
  • Melt smooth ascending above the surface scarring of the skin with sharp borders 
  • at the beginning of the disease may be a slight pallor or redness of the skin in the affected area 
  • scar occupies a larger area than the initial damage 
  • Dazh after years of keloids continue to grow and may form a claw appendages.

Most often develop keloid scars on the ears, chest, shoulders, back of the neck, at least - on the joints. There have been cases of keloid scars on the face. The children on the spot burn keloid scars may form on any part of the skin.
Development of scarring takes place in four stages:

Epithelialization stage - means that the injured area is covered with a thin film of the squamous epithelium, in 7-10 days begin to grow coarse and slightly condensed, the color of his pink becomes paler. In this state, the scar is 2-2.5 weeks.

Stage swelling - is characterized by increased scarring, soreness in contact with him, the scar is already rising above the level of the skin. After 3-4 weeks, pain is reduced and the redness increases, getting cyanotic (bluish) color.

Stage seal - sealed scar all over, covered with dense plaques locally becomes lumpy and resembles a keloid.

Step-softening normal scar fades, it becomes soft, and the movable painless. If this step does not occur with keloids and keloid scar retain character.

According to their species keloids are divided into young and old. Tactics of treatment of these two forms differ dramatically. Young keloids - keloids it with a lifetime of 3 months to 5 years. Characterized by strong growth, have a smooth shiny surface and color from red to cyanotic. Old keloids - keloids it with a lifetime of 5 to 10 years. Characterized wrinkled uneven surface, sometimes - ceasing the central portion, a paler color as compared with young keloids.

What can the doctor do?

  • Diagnosis and treatment of keloid scars carry dermatologist.
  • There are several methods of treatment.
  • In order to prevent the formation of keloids, a pressure at the damaged region.
  • Apply bandages, creating pressure on the place of damage, for 612 months. The bandage can be removed no more than 30 minutes per day.
  • Hormones in treating keloids are used after failure of the shroud.
Surgical treatment of keloids is shown only when the extensive damage and the effectiveness of topical treatment with hormones. Note the high incidence of recurrence, however, surgical treatment is preferably carried out not earlier than 2 years after the formation of keloids to conduct preventive treatment immediately.

What can you do?

In any case not to self-medicate. If you are injured, it is necessary to urgently go to the doctor. Treatments for keloids are many and choose the right sequence or combination of them can only be a specialist.
When keloids NOT:
  • Trying to burn scar "celandine"; 
  • Extrude suspicious education, especially in the area of neck and shoulder; 
  • Massage the scar; 
  • the sauna, solarium / sunbathing; 
  • Take a hot bath.
After the treatment for another year, you need to observe the scar (or rather what's left of it) and at the slightest sign of activity to visit a doctor who was engaged in treatment.


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